One in every ten persons in the world does not have Access to water. Drought, poverty, fast growth of population and pollution are the factors that threaten clean water resources. Epidemics increase spreading in the world where millions of people are unable to get clean water. If significant and efficient steps are not taken to prevent clean water resources from reducing people world population will have to face greater dangers.
- There are three types of countries according to the amount of water supply per person annually.
- 8.000 - 10.000 m3 = Water-rich
- 2.000 m3 m3 and below = Water-scant
- 1.000 m3 and below = Water-poor
Turkey is facing water scantiness as the annual water supply per person is 1.519 m3 Meanwhile this amount is much lower in Africa. Especially Sahel countries in the continent like Niger, Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ethiopia where desserts are widespread face water poverty.
As IHH we have been working to supply clean water to millions of people with no or little Access to water around the world. One of the things we do to achieve this is digging wells or a special well in areas in need.
- What is a special well?
Special wells are built in areas where wells fall short of supplying water needed. Special well is a mechanism which provides for controls on the drilling or alteration of public and private water-supply wells, and monitoring wells in an area where groundwater contamination has, or may, result in risks to the public health. These wells are built adjacent to store, plant, supplicant equipment, transfer engine and similar equipment. Special wells can provide water for farmland irrigation, for showers in an orphanage, for ablution area of a mosque, or for other places short of water-supply as it meets the needs of the region at once and for all. Although special wells’ conditions and budget may vary they are among the most direly needed projects.
IHH opened 5.982 wells in 33 countries.
IHH has been constructing wells in Chad, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Ethiopia and Burkina Faso. We determine the countries where we will open wells according to the needs in the region. Thus the countries and territories may change sometimes. Before you choose a region to fund construction of a well there you are advised to get in touch with IHH Department of Wells.
Standards of IHH Wells
- Maintaining and Controlling Wells
- Our tems control and follow up to maintain the wells funded by your donations.
- A person in charge is appointed in the region where the well opened who will report a breakdown for IHH to intervene.
- When breakdown in a well is reported IHH repairs and fulfils other obligations
- More than three-year-old wells are selected for repair projects to fix their malfunctions and problems.
- Analysis of Water Resourced from Wells
- Test samples are taken from each well that we constructed and sent to the lab for analysis to prevent any health problems related to substances like arsenic and cyanide
- According to the test results the well is opened to public use.
- Quota and Organization
- In the beginning of each year we decide on the number of and regions of the wells we are going to construct according to the need and according to the quota determined wells are constructed 20 or 40 at a time
- We construct the wells complying with the standards observed by our teams of experts.
- Follow-up and Check on Wells
- When the construction of a well is completed our teams travel there to see and check if everything is up to the standards.
- Digging and drilling activities are also monitored in wells under-construction
- The place of future wells is determined through expeditions in the region
- Surface Drilling Concept in Wells
- A common surface drilling concept for the construction of potable-water wells in African countries is established and all wells are constructed accordingly.